• Current Reads

      Life after Life Jill McCorkle
      This Is Your Captain Speaking Jon Methven
      The Starboard Sea Amber Dermont
      Snark David Denby
      Bring Up the Bodies Hilary Mantel
  • Popular Tags

  • Recent Reflections

  • Categories

  • Moleskine’s All-Time Favorites

  • Echoes

    The HKIA brings Hong… on [788] Island and Peninsula 島與半…
    Adamos on The Master and Margarita:…
    sumithra MAE on D.H. Lawrence’s Why the…
    To Kill a Mockingbir… on [35] To Kill A Mockingbird…
    Deanna Friel on [841] The Price of Salt (Carol…
    Minnie on [367] The Rouge of the North 怨…
  • Reminiscences

  • Blog Stats

    • 1,082,210 hits
  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 1,710 other followers

Hong Kong Bookseller Gone Missing

imageBanned books raised an outcry. Imagine if you’re censored and arrested for publishing materials that are at odd with the government. Imagine Bill Clinton wants to persecute and imprison all those who breathed a world about Monica Lewinsky. This is what happens in Hong Kong, in 2016. The firm believers of “one country, two system” by which the former British colony is governed after its return to the embrace of motherland get a reality check as five staff members of a local bookseller disappeared. Vanished without a trace.

The Hong Kong publisher whose disappearance has caused a major rift between Hong Kong and Beijing has written to a colleague to say that he is across the border, in China, where he is “cooperating with the authorities with an investigation.” But close examination of his handwriting revealed that the note was not written in Lee Bo’s hand. The bookseller specializes in books critical of Beijing’s Communist Party leaders. His disappearance on Wednesday, December 30 looks increasingly like an illegal abduction by Chinese police, which has no jurisdiction in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In China, “assisting the authorities with an investigation” is equivalent to detention suspicion of criminal activity. Criminal activity can be criticizing party leaders and exposing corruption of state officials. The bookseller’s wife later went to the Hong Kong Police and withdrew of complaint of her husband’s mysterious disappearance. This, in my opinion, is very much a charade performed under duress. The bookseller’s disappearance is an assault on Hong Kong’s principles of freedom of expression and autonomy from Beijing.

“Congee”

congee by Ping-kwan Leung

who lights the stove before the sun
warms my belly best
with medley of uneven heat, cool
of intimacy, strangeness –
comes in fire and steam
earthly sufferings without cease
faces smiling trip you up –
the ill-fated caught in a bitter rip
to surge just as it drags them down

after a sleepless night, who’d bring
a bowl of warmth to your bitter chest?
whose hands have skill to pick apart
the thousand knots of a heart?

it’s wearying to toast desire
why still cling to vinegar and salt?
let me peer into the empty whirl instead
and see what you’ve invested –
thousand-year eggs and lean pork
calm the fires in your heart
dried stockfish and peanuts
round off a sweet night’s writhing rice
paddling boats groan to the moon
and to the wind above the shore

only the fish eye of dawn calls for you
dried bean-curd sheet, ginkgo,
pork bones, dace paste
each distinguishes dissolves
you and I – we’re ups and downs in hot rice soup
some people talk it up with abalone and with scallop

let’s taste the everyday bitter-sweet
in the bowl of all folks’ congee

Leung Ping-kwan: Hong Kong Poet

Cheung_pb_reprint_2015.indd

Literature can alleviate nostalgia as much as foodstuff does. The late Ping-kwan Leung’s poems bring alive Hong Kong that I was more once familiar with.

In the poem Images of Hong Kong, the narrator searches for a postcard to send a friend overseas. Yet he finds mostly “Exotica for a faraway audience / Entangled with what others have said / Why is it so hard to tell our own stories?”

Leung told Hong Kong’s own story through homely images of food, buildings, traffic, fish and much else, in poems with names like Papaya or In an Old Colonial Building. He spoke of how a city functions, of what is lost as it develops so rapidly. Of the human spirit that wanders, looking for its home, while finding welcome overseas. P.K. was both profoundly local and international; he was as likely to be reading something by a Czech writer as a Chinese poet. He studied in San Diego and traveled widely, liking Berlin especially. There, in the strange tale of East-West division and unification, he found echoes of Hong Kong’s own fractured identity and tumultuous political changes.

In Bittermelon, he compared the ugliness of the vegetable’s “lined face” with time: “Wait until this moody weather is over / That’s all that matters… / The loudest song’s not necessarily passionate / the bitterest pain stays in the heart. … / In these shaken times, who more than you holds / In the wind, our bittermelon, steadily facing / Worlds of confused bees and butterflies and a garden gone wild.”

Xi Xi: Hong Kong Writer

image

Xi Xi (meaning west, west) is arguably the greatest female writer from Hong Kong. The word “xi” in ancient Chinese pictograph depicts a girl clad in a dress standing on a grid. Her real name is Zhang Yan. She was born in Shanghai, where she attended primary school, in 1938. In 1950, she immigrated to Hong Kong with her parents. Her father worked at Kowloon Motor Bus as a ticket checker. Xi Xi attended the prestigious all-girl Heep Yun College and the Teacher’s College.

My City was her first novel set in Hong Kong. Shifting discursive and abundant details reveal that urban life has not been totally reified and fixed on any single perspective. That the urban scenes unfold through multiple discursive postures implies Hong Kong itself as a continuous scroll in which Xixi expresses her sentiments and hopes for the city.

Shops is an essay that illustrates the aging buildings, squatters, and old-fashioned traditional shops in Central and Western District, particularly in Sheung Wan and Sai Ying Pun, as well as other human behavioor in this hustling district. She expressed her tinge of nostalgia of her childhood, and of the disappearing old shops due to drastic infrastructural development.

Bookstore

image

“A place isn’t a place until it has a bookstore.” This line resonates in my head long after I put down Gabrielle Zevin’s The Storied Life of A.J. Fikry, which I reviewed yesterday. It makes me think that as long as there are people who care about books, bookstores will not die. Despite the staggering rent in my hometown, Hong Kong, bookstores still thrive in silence. Whether they are corporates like Eslite (from Taiwan) and Page One (from Singapore) or indies, there are people who are passionate about the business sustaining them. Reading is more than a hobby in the same way a bookstore is more than a business. It’s where readers come together to talk about books and spur one another on to more books. I know I’m sentimental when I talk about how I long for the feel of a book in my hands and prefer the pages in my hand over e-reader. Bookstores attract the right kind of people: stubborn, gentle, patient, thoughtful, and composed. Every cover in a bookstore is a door that turns on magic hinges. Bookstores are dreams built of wood and paper. They are time travel and escape and knowledge and power. They are, simply put, the best of places. Perhaps that is the best way to say it: printed books are magical, and real bookshops keep that magic alive.

“A Visit by the Goon Squad”

image

As I’m writing, I feel a gamut of emotions: sad, upset, heart-broken, infuriated, and concerned. On the night of October 3, 2014, Hong Kong has entered dark age. Pro-Democracy protestors were beaten and bloodied as seemingly organized thus all clad in black and wore blue ribbons ravaged the protest site. Thugs punched and kicked pro-democracy protestors, many of whom college students, on Friday night, shedding blood as they tore down demonstrators’ tents and attempted to force them out. Occupy Central leader Benny Tai blamed triads for the violence in Mong Kok, a densely populated area also popular with shoppers and tourists, but also known for its gang presence. Witnesses reported that police had turned a blind eye to the triads’ actions.

Democracy activist Martin Lee told the local Hong Kong press that clearly the anti-Occupy people deliberately caused a scene and created trouble, giving police an excuse. Rumors had it that the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, a flagship pro-Beijing party and a shadow Communist Party of China in Hong Kong, had paid paid the goons to tear down demonstrators’ camps and attacked protestors. These anti-Occupy people have taken to sporting blue ribbons, the color of the local police uniforms, as a pretext to attack the thousands of yellow ribbon-wearing protestors for democracy. These blue ribbon people’s motives are highly suspicious—they are paid for by the pro-Beijing party to provoke trouble.

Now the world knows that Hong Kong government is partnered with triads while creating lies to manipulate different sectors of the society.

Heart of the Matter

1hklaw

I apologize in advance for the digression from fiction and literature. In light of the current Umbrella Revolution in which Hong Kong people occupy the streets to protest Beijing’s renunciation on its promise on universal suffrage, I seek out The Basic Law of Hong Kong.

Hong Kong Basic Law Article 45 is a controversial article in the Basic Law (constitution) of Hong Kong. It states that the Chief Executive should be chosen by universal suffrage as an eventual goal. However, the requirements for choosing the Chief Executive as per Article 45 are ambiguous:

1. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be selected by election or through consultations held locally and be appointed by the Central People’s Government.
2. The method for selecting the Chief Executive shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. The ultimate aim is the selection of the Chief Executive by universal suffrage upon nomination by a broadly representative nominating committee in accordance with democratic procedures.

1time

“A broadly representative nominating committee” means not every Hong Konger gets to vote. How does that make universal suffrage? The Umbrella Revolution is a result of a decision by senior Chinese leadership to set out clear limits on who can run for the position of chief executive, Hong Kong’s top leader, in 2017. The rules make it virtually impossible for anyone not trusted by the Chinese government to stand for election.

It is Beijing’s conservative interpretation of Point #2 above that has brought tens of thousands of protesters onto the streets. According to the rules announced at the end of August by the Standing Committee of China’s parliament, candidates for chief executive must gain the support of a majority of a nominating committee, meaning, there can be only two to three candidates. The people on the streets are asking for the right to nominate. Universal suffrage, under the international covenant, means that there are express rights to elect or be elected. There is no express right to nominate.

Umbrella Revolution

image

I have never read so little in my entire adult life, until Occupy Central Campaign unveiled in my hometown Hong Kong last Sunday. Since then I’ve been glued to the internet radio live from Hong Kong and have been reading up on the latest development. I want to to bring awareness to what really happens.

Tens of thousands have taken to the streets of Hong Kong in defiance of tear gas and government warnings. The police, under pressure of a pro-Communist, pro-Beijing government, had deployed 87 tear gas bombs but failed to disperse the crowds, which have occupied intersections in business and financial districts—a civil disobedience campaign similar to Bangkok Shutdown in January 2013.

Hong Kong has not seen a protest on this scale for years. Those out on the streets have been angered by the Chinese government’s ruling limiting who could stand as a candidate in elections for Hong Kong’s leader, due in 2017.

The movement is launched by democracy activists Occupy Central. Students began a separate class boycott and walkout in late September and when they broke into the main government compound on Friday, September 26, Occupy Central kicked off its campaign early. Adam Cotton from New York City dubbed the movement “Umbrella Revolution” since protestors, unarmed and peaceful, used umbrellas of different colors to defend themselves from the pepper gas. What really lit the fuse and brought the sentiment to a boil was police’s hasty use of excessive force and deploying of tear gas when the rallies were peaceful and organized.

Media around the world have praised how polite these protestors have been, showing courtesy and respect. I urge you to read the article Things That Can Only Happen in a Protest in Hong Kong and be informed of the political tension in Hong Kong.

Some Observations

1bookstore2

Observations of Hong Kong bookstores

* Female browsers always outnumber male.
* Bookstores are well-lit and have fancy decor. Eslite in Causeway Bay resembles a museum. (Picture above)
* Much more than selling books. Think organic soaps. Incenses. Tea leaves.
* Given the high rents bookstores have to sell more than just books to break even.
* Books are saran-wrapped to discourage prolonged browsing.
* Weight-loss books always top the bestseller list.
* Big on movie tie-in fiction.
* Banned books in China mostly likely in stock.
* UK editions are very popular.
* Scanty seats.
* Fiction usually divided into literature, classics, and general. Sometimes confusing with overlap.
* The latest sub-category is Women’s Fiction. All the shades of greys can be found in this section.
* Bookstores can be as noisy as subway stations.

[611] The World of Suzie Wong – Richard Mason

asuzie5

” And she went on to celebrate this explanation with a lucidity that took my breath away. She had known exactly what she was doing. What was she in reality? A social outcast engaged in a dirty job; a bad girl who could never get married . . . And playing the fantasy role with a stranger, and making him believe in it, she could believe in it herself— ” (Book I, 4.2.53)

The world of Suzie Wong is one of the past—colonial Kong Kong in 1950s, just after World War Two and Mao’s Liberation, when millions of mainland refugees flood into the city looking for opportunities. Suzie Wong is an orphan originally from Shanghai, cheated into being a bar girl by her cousin in Hong Kong. Like many of the girls at the bar, she does not consider herself a prostitute, but a bar mate, a dance partner, who is prepared to extend her favor to bed with a gift of money. But secretly Suzie is ashamed of herself, being conscious of people’s contempt. For a stable, permanent arrangement is only an ideal girls like her can dream.

And even the girls had turned sour on me: I saw the qualities that I had admired in them as being only skin deep, or else mere pretences cynically adopted as usual tools for their trade. The good manners were only a deceptive oriental façade; the kindness, the tenderness, the generosity, were but a veneer that thinly covered insentivity and greed. (Book II, 7.184)

Arriving in Hong Kong from Malaya, Robert Lomax becomes frustrated with an expatriate community that constantly alienates itself from the locals. Deeming conducive to his arts, which expresses ‘local interests and psyche, he moves into Nam Kok, a hotel in Wanchai where the colony’s poor jostles with the prostitutes plying their trade in the bars. There he meets and falls in love with Suzie, a bar-girl who can neither read nor write. But Suzie’s innocent mentality and matter-of-fact attitude charm Lomax all the more. He is as mesmerized by her beauty as intrigued by her checked fate. Seen through Lomax’s eyes, Suzie is much more than just a cipher of his fantasy. Lomax’s perspectives are those of a Caucasian male fascinated by the female embodiment of his desires. But in their interactions, Suzie wants to be an ordinary woman who has a family.

We had created a unity that answered the yearning of loneliness. We had been two imperfect halves that had come together and made a perfect whole; and this merging of selves had no parallel except in the act of making love. (Book II, 5.3.155)

Typical of romance, the two survives various misunderstandings(some of which are not without a touch of humor, thanks to Suzie’s unique blunt, brusque manner) and problems in their relationship, and end up getting married. But the highlight of The World of Suzie Wong is Suzie herself—how she confronts the racist prejudice of Lomax’s male compatriots, some of whom are her former clients and exploiters, including the father of her baby. Pit against the vignettes of poverty and destitution is the story of a woman who wants to make life better for her baby. The book evokes period details of Hong Kong at that period in all senses, and reveals the sexual underground and colonialism’s insidious, exploitative effects under the civilized Western veneer.

318 pp. Pegasus Books. Pocket Paper. [Read|Skim|Toss] [Buy|Borrow]